Frequently Asked Questions About Evolutionary Psychology’s Use

I grew up learning that acceptance was the key to everything. If you accept someone for who they are, they are going to do the same to you. If you don’t do that, you will keep on hating each other and not get anything done.

I took those words to heart because I heard them from my parents. They were the most level-headed adults that I had ever met, and I could say that up to this day. There was no bad blood with them. They genuinely cared for everyone, even if the people happened to be strangers in their lives. In truth, they would often take me to the shelter downtown, and we would all volunteer to cook for the homeless people. My parents believed that they needed more help than ever, and if we could do something nice for them, it would mean the world for those people.

When I became an adult, I was fortunate to carry their way of thinking. The more people I met, the more my understanding and acceptance of everyone developed. This was especially of use when it came to others’ lifestyles and professions.

If there was one profession that genuinely baffled me for years, though, it was evolutionary psychology.

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What is an example of evolutionary psychology? 

The basic idea behind evolutionary psychology is that animals and humans can naturally adapt to environments where their ancestors have succeeded in the past. For example, a bird migrates to a new forest. Though it has never been there before, it is supposed to know which foods are edible or poisonous so that the bird will survive there.

How does evolutionary psychology explain human behavior? 

According to evolutionary psychology, humans tend to behave with the continuation of life in mind. Furthermore, every action that humans make is supposed to be a product of natural selection. Although it seems impossible to prove such ideas, evolutionary psychologists advocate them extensively.

Who is associated with evolutionary psychology? 

Charles Darwin is associated with evolutionary psychology, even though that is not his field. The reality is that evolutionary psychologists have based their ideas on his theories in the beginning. They only created new views as Peter Kropotkin, and Wilhelm Wundt came into the picture to propose ideas that counter Darwin’s.

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Is evolutionary psychology scientific? 

Experts have debated this matter for ages, although many people claim that evolutionary psychology is far from scientific. The primary reason is that evolutionary psychologists do not seek evidence to prove their theories. In truth, it had always been impossible to prove their hypothesis about natural selection.

What are the principles of evolutionary psychology? 

  • The brain can be fragmented into smaller areas to resolve issues.
  • Only specific parts of the brain evolved, depending on which ones are needed to resolve an issue.
  • As the environment changes, humans change.

What is wrong with evolutionary psychology? 

Evolutionary psychology has always been criticized due to the following reasons:

  • There is no way to prove or disprove the evolutionary psychologists’ hypotheses.
  • It does not accept reports that the brain goes through plasticity and creates new neural synapses when someone learns something new.
  • Evolutionary psychologists believe that humans evolved in the same environment.

Who invented evolutionary psychology? 

Peter Kropotkin is known as the founder of evolutionary psychology. He was a Russian anarchist who wrote many books, including Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, in 1902. It contains a series of essays about how animals and humans basically need each other to survive. This book counters the ideas that Charles Darwin proposed regarding the theory of evolution.

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Why is evolutionary psychology criticized? 

Evolutionary psychology is often criticized because of its unique way of explaining why people behave a certain way. For instance, someone ends up on the sex offender list of the authorities. Instead of making the individual responsible for their actions, evolutionary psychologists believe that.

What are the basic concepts of evolutionary perspective? 

The basic concepts of evolutionary perspective include:

  • Natural selection dictates how a person feels or behaves.
  • Human has evolved based on the specific problems that our ancestors had to resolve.
  • If you want to understand a modern person’s thought process, you should assess their predecessors.

What is evolutionary behavior? 

Evolutionary behavior refers to how human beings behave as they evolve. The change typically comes after people face a severe problem that cannot be solved unless they alter their perspective and behavior. Furthermore, the term can refer to how individuals behave a certain way not because they are evil but because it affects their evolution.

What are the three main criticisms of evolutionary psychology? 

These are the three main criticisms of evolutionary psychology:

  • It follows the effect-and-cause relationship instead of the other way around.
  • It refuses to accept that external influences can make people behave differently.
  • If someone acts inappropriately sexually, it states that the individual is not responsible for their action.
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How do you become an evolutionary psychologist? 

Becoming an evolutionary psychologist is no different from what individuals go through in various psychological fields. After getting a bachelor’s degree, the person needs to take a master’s degree and move up to a doctoral degree. It is also preferable if their studies focus on evolutionary psychology.

Why is the theory of evolution so crucial in understanding how human beings behave? 

The theory of evolution is vital in understanding human behavior because it explains what happens when people evolve. Practically speaking, human beings tend to change how they behave when creating a new generation. Some of their thought patterns change; even their outlook in life may become different. With the theory of evolution in mind, an evolving person or group of people should no longer come as a surprise.

What is the meaning of evolutionary? 

The term ‘evolutionary’ comes from the root word ‘evolution.’ It has been used to describe the evolution process that various species have most likely experienced throughout the centuries. This word is synonymous with progression, unfolding, or metamorphosis.

Who was the first person referred to as a psychologist?

Wilhelm Wundt was the first person to be called a psychologist. In 1879, he was the first German scientist to establish a psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig. This milestone in Wundt’s life turned him into one of the founding fathers of psychology.

Final Thoughts

It had taken me some time to understand the importance of evolutionary psychology. It was made more challenging by the people who kept criticizing the field. Luckily, I met an evolutionary psychologist in a university one time, and she explained how evolution could affect our brains. I was not 100% sold, but I accepted the explanation and respected their beliefs. That’s what matters in the end, after all.

Frequently Asked Questions About Animal Therapy

A dog is a man’s best friend, but can it also be his—therapist? 

We see photos and videos of cute animals on social media every day. Much of our enjoyment comes from our furry friends. However, we may be underestimating the role of animals in our lives. Little did we know that animal therapy could be the thing that saves us from despair.

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Animal-assisted therapy, or animal therapy, is a therapeutic method that utilizes animals such as dogs, cats, birds, horses, and pigs. Its purpose is to help individuals recover from or cope with physical and mental health problems. Animal therapy has gained more popularity, especially since the pandemic took its toll on people’s well-being.

Animals are known to have the capacity to improve people’s mental health. Simply petting animals promotes the release of hormones that aid in relaxation and mood elevation. 

Here are some of the mental health benefits of animal-assisted therapy:

  • A decrease in anxiety
  • Reduction of feelings of loneliness.
  • People feel comfort.
  • Increase in mental stimulation. 

Aside from mental health, animal therapy also provides physical health benefits such as:

  • Improvement of cardiovascular health by lowering blood pressure.
  • Reduction of overall physical pain
  • Strengthening of the immune system
  • Normalized breathing for anxious people.

Animal therapy can help those with Alzheimer’s disease, autism, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, or addiction. Likewise, animal therapy can be used by anyone having difficulties coping with adverse events and daily stressors. People who dislike, fear, or are allergic to animals may not be recommended for this intervention.

This article talks about how animals can help us cope with adversity and other frequently asked questions about animal therapy. Read the full article if you want to learn more about the wonders of animal therapy.

How does animal therapy work?

Also known as animal-assisted therapy or pet therapy, from the name itself, it is a form of treatment utilizing the support and comfort an animal can provide. Studies show that working or interacting with animals provides relief and produces a calming effect on humans.

What are the benefits of animal therapy?

Providing relief, lowering pain and discomfort, increasing an individual’s energy levels, reducing boredom, and improving social interactions are only some of the well-known benefits of animal therapy.

What types of therapy animals are there?

The most commonly used animals in pet therapy are dogs and cats. However, other animals such as fish, guinea pigs, horses, rabbits, parrots, and turtles are also used as therapy animals. These animals have to undergo an assessment, pass training, and be registered to work as therapy animals.

Where is animal-assisted therapy used?

Therapy animals offer special comfort and support in stressful environments such as hospitals, detention centers, and schools. They are not confused with service animals, who provide support usually to people with physical abilities, and emotional support animals, who are generally seen with individuals suffering from mental disorders.

How effective is animal-assisted therapy?

Many research found improvement in an individual’s well-being while undergoing animal-assisted therapy, rendering it an effective approach. Said individuals are noticed to have higher levels of endorphins, increasing their happiness and energy levels.

What animal is the most common type used in animal-assisted therapy?

As previously mentioned, dogs and cats are the usual animals used in animal-assisted therapy. Temperament is one of the most important traits a therapy animal should possess. They should be non-aggressive, friendly, and patient – all of which are characteristics manifesting in dogs and cats as they are domesticated pets.

What pet is best for depression?

The different types of therapy animals have their specialties. However, many prefer a pet dog, especially for an individual suffering from depression. Dogs are naturally empathic animals, so that they can determine mood changes in humans almost always instantly. They are proven to be good companions.

What’s the best therapy animal?

Like there is no best pet, there is also no best therapy animal. There are many factors to consider for the best criteria, and each therapy animals have their unique abilities and skills to showcase. Some would say dogs, as they are a man’s best friend. Some would prefer cats or birds, as these animals are usually low maintenance.

What animals are used for work?

To this day, many animals are used for work. Dogs are not only used as therapy, service, or emotional support animals, but they are also often working in the military or police as guard or combat animals. Farm animals such as horses, pigs, and cows, are used to help do agricultural work. At the same time, other animals such as elephants and seals are used for tourism purposes.

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Can a lion mate with a tiger?

There is now a specific type of animal called liger, a hybrid offspring between a male lion and a female tiger. To answer the question, it is now possible for a lion to mate with a tiger.

How are animals used by humans?

Over the years, animals have been used and have helped humans in a lot of ways. Animals have been a source of food, clothing, transportation, and others. Some animals are held sacred in some religions, so they are worshipped. And nowadays, they are also essential components in helping humans do research, medicine, and science in general.

What are the four uses of animals?

Food, transport, safety and recreation, and clothing are the four primary uses of animals. Meat and dairy are from animals such as chickens and cows. Horses and camels are popular animals used for carrying people or goods from one place to another.

Dogs are kept pets to protect the house, and monkeys are often seen as circus shows for entertainment. Meanwhile, wools from sheep are made into clothes for people.

Why are animals important?

Animals are not only essential because they have a lot of use for the human population. They also contribute significantly to the world’s ecological balance, such as bringing nutrients, helping in decomposition and other scientific or natural processes, and a lot of different operations.

What can animals give us?

Animals fundamentally provide us with everything we may need in our lives, from clothes to transportation, labor, protection, food, and a lot more. Many of the products we have now are from animals.

What are the benefits of animals?

There are many benefits animals provide for us humans. One is a religious benefit, as in some religions, they are honored and believed to be powerful creatures. Another is practical benefits, wherein animals are used for labor and other domestic purposes. They also provide health benefits, as proven by animal therapy.

The COVID-19 pandemic brought overwhelming stress and anxiety. It has also kept us from employing some of our old coping strategies like meeting up with friends. Fortunately, we can still care for ourselves by applying new and safe coping strategies such as animal therapy.

So what should you expect when getting animal therapy? Some forms of animal therapy involve having a pet at your side all day for emotional support. Other forms may involve the animal visiting you or you visiting the animal. 

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Animal therapy patients often speak to an animal or in the presence of it. It aids in the patients’ emotional and cognitive processing because animals are non-judgmental and easy to open up to. Some patients can instantly feel comfort by merely lying down or cuddling with the animal.

Engaging the sense of touch is extremely helpful, especially when people have been deprived of it because of the lockdowns.

To maximize benefits, animal therapy often complements traditional therapies done by mental health professionals. If you’re looking for a therapy animal, contact your local mental health-care provider to help you find a program or animal that suits your needs.

Alternatively, you can consider getting a pet instead to keep you company during these difficult times. You’ll be surprised at how pets can improve your mental health. If you already have pets, you may certify or register them to be your own therapy or emotional support animals. 

Remember that you don’t have to face life’s challenges alone. Things can get better with the help of some furry friends.

Billionaire Business Magnate George Soros Helped 7 District Attorney Candidates

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George Soros, a billionaire investor, is far interested in donating a few of his riches to help reform the American justice system instead of continuing to provide to various political candidates.

To be specific, George has given over three million dollars to a 2016 campaign of seven district attorneys within six states. You may remember that the billionaire sponsor is a huge supporter of improving the justice system in the United States. He has provided financial assistance to those who are from Hispanic or African-American descent and have similar goals as Soros. 

One of the aspects that George Soros is most concerned about is a fair conviction to drug violators regardless of the race they belong to. According to the business magnate, such individuals should be sent to rehabilitation programs rather than subjecting them to court proceedings.e

George Soros’ donation becomes a stepping stone for the minority to vie for the prosecutor’s position, which a lot of veterans are still holding up to this day. In an interview provided by Emerge America’s President Andrea Dew Steele, she talked about the importance of having a trustworthy person take the said role within the system.

Where George Soros Focused His Wealth

The district attorney candidates who have received his support are in Texas, Illinois, Mississippi, Florida, New Mexico, and Louisiana. George Soros backed their campaigns via his 527 groups, as well as super PACs statewide. Aside from the fact that each member of the former has their name derived from Safety and Justice, they have mostly gotten financed by the billionaire himself based on public records. Other funds have come from non-profit organizations.

The first sponsorship has gone to Illinois. Then, it went to Florida, where Aramis Ayala has been given 1.4 million dollars to boost her drive to promote equality towards the defendants who have committed similar crimes irrespective of lineage.

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After that, George Soros’ financial aid has redirected to Mississippi and Louisiana, particularly in several counties in these two states. After that, he funded the races of Kim Foxx from Chicago’s Cook County and Raul Torrez of Albuquerque’s Bernalillo County.

How George Soros Decided On These Candidates

All of the runners that George Soros supported come from the Democratic Party. However, it was not easy to discover public attorneys who were worthy of getting financially backed by large progressive groups.

Organizations that look for reformations on criminal justice procedures like the Open Societies Foundation of Soros often search for candidates as well who have the same goals as theirs. A research conducted by the Reflective Democracy Campaign in 2015 gathered that white males generally get elected as prosecutors. This idea has probably driven other institutions to assist other aspirants for their cause.

Final Thoughts

The amount of money that George Soros invested in his candidates, perhaps amounted to millions. Though some people might say that that’s nothing for the billionaire, it was a massive deal for sure for the man. It meant that he genuinely believed in those people, to the extent that he decided to fund their candidacy. 

As it turns out, America’s justice system is transforming slowly but surely.

Recounting The Look Of Fox News’ Latest Studio For The 2016 Election Coverage

The phenomenal political battle between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, the Presidential runners of the Democratic and Republican parties, ended a couple of years ago. The latter was elected to succeed Barack Obama as the 45th Head of the United States come January 2017. The entire world continues to give their forecasts regarding how a Trump Presidency can affect the financial industry since then. He had made several comments and regulations as well that some individuals frowned upon. 

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Nevertheless, the 2016 election was such a hot topic that every small and big broadcasting corporation wanted to cover it. One of them was Fox News, one of the most stable multimedia companies. They were so invested in the battle between Clinton and Trump, to the extent that they made a studio where they could talk about it. 

Let us take a look once more to the multimillion-dollar Fox News studio that the company started building last year mainly for this historic event. Continue reading “Recounting The Look Of Fox News’ Latest Studio For The 2016 Election Coverage”

Psychologists Recommend Pet Therapy

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Have you ever thought that animals, like dogs or cats, can speed up your healing process if you’re sick, depressed, or simply feeling down? Indeed, they can! Pet therapy is a growing trend that’s taking the healthcare industry by storm today. Even psychologists recommend the use of pet therapy for some individuals.

“There is extensive research on whether animal-assisted therapy works, and compelling data shows that pets have the ability to relieve stress, anxiety, and provide comfort to patients,” writes Elena Blanco-Suarez Ph.D.

Continue reading “Psychologists Recommend Pet Therapy”

Animals And Therapists: Facts You Probably Didn’t Know

Your shrink isn’t the only one who can help you keep your mental health in check. Therapists have been using animals to complement the help they give their patients. While many of us are already aware of this, a good percentage of people still don’t know about specifics. Here are some facts that you likely didn’t know.

It’s Been Around Longer Than You Think

As a formal field, animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is relatively new. However, we have been using animals to improve people’s mental well-being since the time of the Ancient Greeks. These warriors would make use of horses to try and cheer up their injured comrades.

Later in the 1800s, Florence Nightingale also observed the effect that animals had on people. He surmised that small animals such as birds made good companions for those who were ill. They would help bring down levels of stress and anxiety.

It wasn’t until the 1960s that we saw formal research taking place. The first to do so was Dr. Boris Levinson. While working with young patients with mental impairment, he discovered that his pet dog would have a positive effect on them. These children seemed to be more comfortable socializing with the dog than other people.

Therapy Animals Are Not Service Animals

Is a therapy animal also a service animal? The answer to that is “no.” It can get pretty confusing given that there are many terms related to animals helping one’s well-being. Let’s dissect the three most common words you’ll hear: service animal, emotional support animal, and therapy animal.

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Service animals are those assigned to people with specific needs and have certain privileges granted by local governments. They’re trained to perform specific tasks to aid their owners. The most common example of this is a guide dog for the blind. Another is a psychiatric dog performs taught deep pressure therapy (DPT). DPT is a task wherein they use their body weight and warmth to ease their owner’s anxiety in case of a panic attack.

Meanwhile, emotional support animals (ESAs) do not require any training. Because of the lack of restrictions, not all ESAs exhibit good behavior. While they may serve as a calming presence for their owners, they can be disruptive or harmful to others. They also don’t have the same exclusive rights that service animals have, such as being allowed into different establishments. “College students today are facing a great deal of stress and emotional support animals may help some students,” said Phyllis Erdman, PhD. “We hope our study can serve as a guide for colleges and universities to develop policies that help students thrive.”

Lastly, therapy animals go through training, but not the same type as their service counterparts. They’re more sociable since they mostly work in a group environment. Their roles vary from providing comfort to the sick to giving kids the confidence to read. Additionally, unlike service animals, they typically help other people instead of just their owner. “The effects of the pet therapy are measurable, as seen by an increase in the release of endorphins in the person interacting with the animal. Endorphins are brain chemicals that are released and make you feel good,” Elena Blanco-Suarez Ph.D. wrote.

The First Therapy Animal Was A Dog

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Man’s best friend was also his first animal therapist. Smoky the tiny Yorkshire Terrier is the first documented case where psychologists made use of an animal to deal with people’s well-being. Smoky walked alongside nurses in New Guinea, keeping World War II victims company.

Dogs Are The Most Common Therapy Animals; Horses Are Second

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If dogs are #1, who’s second? Sorry for our feline friends but horses go home with the silver medal. Equine therapy helps improve both mental and physical health. Miniature horses have become very popular because of their size. Their small and cute stature makes it possible for them to visit patients in hospitals and kids at daycare. This trend gives us all the more reason to ask for a pony next Christmas.

According to Tori Rodriguez, MA, LPC, “Dogs are the most commonly used animals in such teams, accounting for 94% of those registered the organization, which also evaluates potential AAT animals from eight additional species: cats, horses, rabbits, pigs, birds, llamas and alpacas, guinea pigs and rats.”

Therapy Animals Help Treat Several Conditions – Including PTSD

Our therapy friends can assist in treating several different kinds of conditions. Research with those with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) shows positive results. Those with PTSD seem to improve when therapists give them the task of taking care of animals. It helps them readjust to a healthy life back home.

Final Words

When it comes to therapy animals, they do more than a regular pet would. The idea with animal-assisted therapy is to have animals help people heal in a structured way with an objective in mind. These loveable creatures complement the help that professionals provide. Add in your commitment to better yourself, and you’ll be on the road to a better mental state.

Do Animals Get Depressed?

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Mammals have the same brain wiring as that of humans. Experts say that animals are like humans who can feel. They can be sad, happy and mad as well. But some coincidences reveal that animals die because of depression.  Emotions and behavior of animals can change just like us, and it will depend on how they feel. If they are protective of their family, like humans, they too can feel like us.

Continue reading “Do Animals Get Depressed?”

The Power Of Animal Therapy In Healing PTSD 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental illness associated with people who have witnessed or experienced life-threatening events such as war, natural disasters, near-death accidents, and other such circumstances that trigger extreme responses of the brain. This disorder causes the person to feel frightened of the trauma even long after the triggering event happened, resulting in high levels of stress on the patient. 

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The Impact Of Humans On Animal Extinction 

We always hear about certain animal species being on the brink of extinction, but it seems like we do not truly care at all. Animals make up a huge part of our ecosystem, our nature, and if we keep disturbing or destroying their habitats, we will only have ourselves to blame. Ultimately, we will have to face the consequences, and we may not be ready for them. Krystine Batcho, PhD, wrote that “Recently, research on the psychology of the human-animal bond and the psychological impact of the death of an animal has begun to accumulate.  Research suggests that some animals serve not only practical but also important social-emotional needs.” 

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Continue reading “The Impact Of Humans On Animal Extinction “