Pet Therapy

Pet therapy is a growing trend in the healthcare industry today. It entails the assistance of animals in healing people’s mental ailments.

Therapists Recommend Pet Therapy

Having an animal at home can be a form of healing. Even psychologists recommend the use of pet therapy for some individuals. But what is pet therapy and why is it recommended by health professionals? 

Man wearing checkered polo shirt sitting on the couch sipping on a cup of chocolate with his black cat on his side

“There is extensive research on whether animal-assisted programs work, and compelling data shows that pets have the ability to relieve stress, anxiety, and provide comfort to patients,” writes Elena Blanco-Suarez Ph.D.

If you notice, some institutions allow the entrance of pets in their buildings. That’s because they are aware of how essential they are to people. They are not just animals. Dogs, cats, and other animals are family. And how is a family to you? A family is your support system, right? With this, so is your favorite animal. It can be your emotional support. Animals can definitely be a form of support system.

“When people see pets as family members, their companion animals are granted membership in people’s most important social group, giving them an anthropomorphism boost that, in turn, equips them with more socially supportive capacity,” writes Allen R McConnell Ph.D.

Pet Therapy Defined

Pet therapy is an alternative treatment plan which involves a friendly yet therapeutic interaction between an animal and an ailing person. Pet therapy is basically divided into two different concepts, animal-assisted approach, and animal-assisted activities.

Animal-assisted/ pet therapy incorporates animals such as dogs and cats into a person’s treatment plan. The animals are used by people to help themselves recuperate or cope with their illnesses, which may include cancer, heart ailments, and mental health disturbances. The animal-assisted approach can be an alternative treatment, or it may also be complementary to the existing medical treatment plan of a patient. Many patients and other individuals vouch that pet therapy is indeed effective.

Two children sitting on a couch with their dog

The Pet Therapy Concept

Pet therapy is a guided interaction between a person and a trained animal.

Understand How Pet Therapy Works

A sick woman visits her primary hospital to follow up with her physician regarding her upcoming hospitalization for a procedure. After being examined by the doctor, he informs her about the pet therapy program of the hospital. He asks if she wants to give it a try while being confined in the hospital, and the woman agrees.

The day of her procedure and hospital admission comes. The woman is already in her room, recuperating from her surgery. Since she opted in for the pet therapy program, an assistance dog and its handler came to visit her at that time.

The dog and his handler stayed with the woman for 10-15 minutes in her room. She was encouraged by the handler to interact with the dog and asked any questions she might have about the program. The assistance dog willingly cuddled with the woman during this time.

After 15 minutes, the canine and handler duo left. The recuperating woman realizes that she generally feels better than before the visit occurred. She had renewed optimism about her illness. And she’s smiling from ear to ear! She’s eager to tell her family and friends about that pleasant animal visit, and she’s also highly anticipating the next visit from that beautiful canine. This patient is among the many who witnessed the wonders of pet therapy!

Who Benefits From Pet Therapy?

Generally speaking, any person with a health problem can significantly benefit from an animal-assisted program. But it is especially helpful in certain groups of people. It has been shown that pet therapy dramatically reduces anxiety, pain, tiredness, and depression in these people:

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder patients
  • Residents of long-term healthcare facilities and nursing homes
  • Elderly persons suffering from dementia
  • Persons with anxiety
  • Cancer patients
  • Persons with heart problems
  • Kids about to undergo medical and dental procedures

Animal-assisted programs are also beneficial outside medical scenarios. It is utilized in various universities to ease the anxiety of students and help them cope up with their studies. Community programs dedicated to improving the wellness of people also use pet therapy to provide stress relief to participants.

“The researchers were able to conclude that ‘The results of our study indicate that sessions, which is one of the programs of pet therapy, considerably reduce stress and improve aspects of student well‐being.’ This was even though the treatment involved a single brief session with the dogs in a festival-like setting,” writes Stanley Coren PhD., DSc, FRSC.

Woman with their horse

Risks To Pet Therapy

Some people express their concern for sanitation and safety in the use of animals to help people with medical conditions. After all, animals carry a risk of harm through bites and the introduction of allergens in the air.

However, there’s no need to worry about these risks. Animals used in pet therapy are spotless, gentle, and well-trained. This is because of the strict rules that animal handlers must abide by. Facilities and hospitals are keen to implement stringent regulations in the selection and deployment of animals in their respective pet therapy programs.

It doesn’t have to be a dog or a cat. Did you know that a horse is a second-most used animal for pet therapy sessions? Well, it is, and the treatment is very soothing.

Therapy: Final Thoughts And Takeaway

You can try Pet therapy at home. Take care of an animal. It can be a fish or a cat. You can try a guinea pig or a mouse, even. Just pick one that you will want to “befriend.” Love it. Nurture it. Care for it. In return, the same feelings of love will radiate back to you. Now, isn’t that treatment enough?



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